Civil War Meaning
A civil war, also known as polemologyn or interstate war, is a war that erupts between several organized groups within a country. Usually, the main goal of the warring parties is to take over the country, gain independence from the government, or completely change the political regime of the state. The term was borrowed from Latin bellum civile, which was frequently used in written records to refer to the wars happening in the 1st century Roman Republic.
In the modern world, civil wars are fast escalating conflicts, usually supported by the third parties. This often involves regular supply of the armed forces, so the conflicts quickly become large-scale. Most civil wars result in a large number of casualties as well as threaten the financial well-being of all involved parties.
Surprising Facts about Civil Wars
- The soldiers of the Black Union gave up their salaries for 18 months in their protest against lower salaries comparing to white soldiers.
Back in early 1863, black soldiers who became members of the Union Army, were paid as little as $10 per month; meanwhile, white soldiers received $13 for the same period. Later, the soldiers of the Black Union were also charged $3 for clothing, resulting even in a lower pay of only $7. Therefore, the lowest-paid white soldiers’ salary was equal to that of the highest-paid black soldiers. Black soldiers eventually refused to accept lower salaries in organized protest against the inequality. Coupled with the pressure from the abolitionists, the efforts of the black soldiers eventually brought about positive changes and Congress agreed to transform the pay structure. A year after the beginning of the protests black soldiers finally received the pay they deserved. Being a meaningful historical change, higher pay also meant many black soldiers were now able to support their families at home.
- During the Civil War, soldiers mostly died because of disease.
Killing more people than everything else combined (lethal wounds, artillery, accidents, malnutrition, drowning and suicide), disease became the major cause of death during the Civil War. Around 45,000 soldiers in the Union army and over 50,000 soldiers on the Confederate army died because of dysentery.
The dysentery and other highly contagious diseases spread among the members of both armies extremely fast because of poor sanitation and water contamination.
- The Union Army mostly consisted of immigrants and African Americans, who comprised one-third and one-tenth of the army respectively.
The Union Army was comprised of the representatives of multiple nations. We can find records of Irish soldiers (approximately 7 percent of the force) and German soldiers (10 percent), who made up regiments like Steuben Volunteers. Other representatives of the army were immigrants from France, Italy, Poland, England, and Scotland. Statistically, one out of four regiments was comprised almost entirely of foreigners. In 1863, Black Americans were officially allowed to join the military forces, and some historians argue that this inflow of new soldiers turned the tide of the war.
- Gender in Civil War
During the Civil War, many women disguised themselves as men to join the forces. More than 400 women succeeded and fought in the Union and Confederate armies hand-in-hand with male soldiers. This period in history may have played a role in gender equality as women began to discover the horizons beyond their homes. Thousands of women both in South and North became volunteer nurses in the brigades.
- Nearly twenty years before Lincoln’s assassination, he was shot and almost killed.
One late August evening in 1863, Lincoln rode to his family residence at the Soldiers’ Home. A worker heard a shot near the gate and a moment later, Lincoln’s horse galloped into the yard with the bareheaded president clinging to his steed. Lincoln later explained that the shooter missed, sending the horse galloping so fast he lost his hat. When the hat was retrieved, there was a bullet hole in it. Lincoln did not want his wife Mary to be worried, so he asked the witnesses of the incident to keep it a secret.
American Civil War Essay Writing Tips
First things first: make sure you understand the assignment completely to know the primary focus and the purpose of writing. Consider civil war essay topics to choose the best one for you. After that, do some research and narrow down the topic you selected by singling out the arguments you would like to make.
- Find reliable sources related to your topic.
Most academic essays require students to support the claims they make by including evidence and examples taken from reputable sources. This means you will have to do extensive research and collect evidence. The easiest way to do this is to go to your campus library and ask for help of find the sources online. In case of the latter, ensure the validity of sources and verify the information you are planning to use.
- Take notes while doing research.
Do not rely entirely on your memory – note down all relevant information you find and the ideas you find interesting. Also, record the citation details for any quotes that you would like to include in your essay to back up your ideas. Careful notes will save you a lot of time during the further stages of writing.
- Choose a focus question and issue.
As your research progresses, you will be narrowing down the focus intuitively. For example, you might want to answer a particular question or disprove a popular theory/misconception about something related to your initial topic. This new focus will become the basis for your central argument, or thesis statement.
- Write a thesis statement that presents your key argument.
Having discovered a specific idea or question, you would like to focus on, consider the research you have done and try to come up with two-three main claims to present to your audience. Then, try to succinctly summarize what you would like to say in just a sentence or two. This will not be easy but once you are done, you will have a thesis statement for your essay. This sentence does not have to be detailed. If you cannot write a good thesis, try to create an outline for it first. Just explain what each point of the argument means. Include sub-points to organize the evidence and examples you are planning to use to illustrate your reasoning.
- Organize your thoughts using an essay outline.
Having created a successful thesis, in which you listed the major points, you can proceed to outlining your essay. There is no need to include a lot of details – just write down the main information pertaining to your arguments. Remember to also add evidence and examples to help you illustrate and back up your argument.
Civil War Essay Titles with Appeal
If you are hoping to persuade your professor and classmates, you should give your essay a catchy title. In some cases, how your title sounds is more important than how much sense it makes. A good title is an integral part of an A+ essay. The first step towards writing such an essay is choosing the right topic. If you feel lost, remember you can always look up a list of topics and select something for you.
- Civil War: How Did it Happen.
- Abraham Lincoln During the Civil War.
- Civil War From a Global Perspective.
- Women in the U.S. Civil War.
- What Caused Civil War?
- African American Politics in the Civil War.
- Was the Civil War Inevitable?
- Nurses in the U.S. Civil War.
- African-American Soldiers in the Civil War.
- Slavery as a Reason of Civil War.
- United States After Civil War
- Why Should People Remember the Civil War?
- Technological Advancements of the Civil War.
- The Economic Effects of Slavery Which Caused the Civil War.
- Photography During the Civil War.
- American Revolution Vs Civil War.
- Civil War: One of the most Deadly Wars.
- Disease of the Civil War.
- Reconstruction after the Civil War.